Word definition: abstraction

Defiintion of abstraction:

[n] a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples
[n] the act of withdrawing or removing something
[n] an abstract painting
[n] preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
[n] the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances
[n] a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance; "he loved her only in the abstract--not in person"

Synonyms of abstraction:

abstract, abstractedness, generalisation, generalization

Antonyms of abstraction:

See Also:

absolute, absorption, amount, attribute, concept, conception, construct, engrossment, measure, painting, picture, preoccupancy, preoccupation, quantity, quantum, relation, remotion, removal, reverie, revery, right, set, space, teacher, theorisation, theorization, thing, time

Webster Dictionary (1913) for abstraction:

\Ab*strac"tion\, n. [Cf. F. abstraction. See
{Abstract}, a.]
1. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or the
   state of being withdrawn; withdrawal.

         A wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain
         members of the community.             --J. S. Mill.

2. (Metaph.) The act process of leaving out of consideration
   one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend
   to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the
   form of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as
   separate from their size or figure, the act is called
   abstraction. So, also, when it considers whiteness,
   softness, virtue, existence, as separate from any
   particular objects.

Note: Abstraction is necessary to classification, by which
      things are arranged in genera and species. We separate
      in idea the qualities of certain objects, which are of
      the same kind, from others which are different, in
      each, and arrange the objects having the same
      properties in a class, or collected body.

            Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the
            negative of attention.             --Sir W.

3. An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature;
   as, to fight for mere abstractions.

4. A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a
   hermit's abstraction.

5. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present

6. The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the
   property of another; purloining. [Modern]

7. (Chem.) A separation of volatile parts by the act of
   distillation. --Nicholson.